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Lesson 1 Telling Time:
Hours
Vocabulary
hour
o'clock
minute hand
hour hand
colon
Objectives
To introduce the elements of a clock and explain their functions.
To teach telling time to the hour.
Background
Since there are 60 minutes in an hour children
must be able to read and order numbers to 60 before they can read
time on the digital clock. Since time is often referred to in
fractional terms on analog clocks it will be helpful if children
have an understanding of halves and fourths.
Direct student's attention to the clock. How many big numbers
are on the clock? Have students point to the hour hand. Tell them
that when the hour hand moves from one number to the next, one
hour has passed. What can you do in an hour?
Have students point to the minute hand. Tell
them that when the minute hand moves from one tick mark to the
next, one minute has passed. What can you do in a minute.
Lead a discussion about different timepieces
(clock, watch, timer, hourglass) and the energy sources required
to run them (electricity, battery, windup movements). have students
survey their homes and count the number of timepieces they find.
Guide students to design a chart or poster that reflects their
findings.
You can tell what time it is in several ways:
the position of the sun in the sky, the length of shadows, the
activities people are doing, and clocks and watches.
Activities
1. Introduce a number line which contains
the numerals one through twelve. Bend the number line into a circle
to resemble a clock face. Provide a worksheet with a large circle.
Ask the students to place the numerals inside the circle to make
a clock face. According to the ability of the group, you may wish
to place some marks on the circle to facilitate spacing of the
numbers. Print [clock with numbers] [clock without numbers].
2. Review that the minute (longblue) hand
points to the twelve, while the hour (shortred) hand indicates
the hour. Provide a worksheet with clocks that have no hands on
them. Underneath each clock, write a time in the "o'clock"
form. Have the students draw in the minute and hour hands to show
the correct time. Print Worksheet.
3. Have each student make a paper plate clock
face. Using a brad fastener, attach tag board or construction
paper hands to the center of the plate. These clocks can then
be used in various reinforcement activities. For example, as the
teacher calls out a time, the students show the correct time on
their clocks. This activity can be adapted to a team game. Divide
the classroom into teams. When the teacher calls a time, the first
person to correctly display his/her clock gains a point for his/her
team. Take the Time Quiz.
4. Play "Time TicTacToe." Prepare
blank tictactoe grids and duplicate these for the students.
Print Grid Have students write in times on the hour. (The degree
of difficulty can be adapted as the students progress.) Display
a clock showing a time. If the student has that time written on
his/her game board, he/she may cover it with a marker. The first
person to complete a row horizontally, vertically or diagonally
wins.
5. Write times to the hour from 1 o'clock
to 12 oclock on index cards and a number from 1 to 12 on a tagboard
square. Place the numbers 112 in a large circle to form a clockface.
Children sit around the clock. Give 12 children
each a time card to keep facedown. Two volunteers, one taller
than the other, stand in the center of the clock.
Ask:
Who should be the minute hand? Why? (the taller child because
the minute hand is the long hand.)
Where should the taller child point to show 1 oclock? (to 12)
Where should the shorter child point? (to 1)
Children take turns holding up their index cards. Students tell
where the children representing the hands should point to show
that time. Repeat the activity until all children have a turn
to show the time.
6. Challenge children to guess how long 1
minute is. They close their eyes and lay down their heads while
you watch the clock. Each child raises a hand when he or she thinks
1 minute is up. Tell children that you will put their hands back
down if they are too early. Clap your hands when the minute is
up. Have children watch as the second hand goes around the clock
once. Challenge them to try again to guess when the mninute is
up.
WORKSHEETS
